We encounter the first Tamar in Genesis 38 where we are told that she was the daughter-in-law of Judah, one of Jacob's sons. Tamar's husband died, and as was customary in that patriarchal society, she was given to her brother-in-law as his wife. Women in that day had no right to own property so depended upon their husband or sons to provide financial security. The only option for a woman to earn a living outside of marriage was to work as a prostitute.
Tamar's brother-in-law opted to enjoy her body for his own sexual gratification but refused to impregnate her. When he also died, Judah promised marriage to his youngest son but Judah did not keep his promise. Tamar, facing certain disgrace and destitution, posed as a prostitute and was impregnated by her father-in-law. When Judah was told that Tamar was pregnant, he ordered that she be burned to death but quickly backed down when she provided evidence that he was the father of her unborn twins.
The second Tamar was King David's daughter and she was raped by her stepbrother. Dr. Steven Tracy in Mending the Soul: Understanding and Healing Abuse has identified a number of primary characteristics of abusive families or systems (i.e. churches, organizations, etc.) that are revealed in this troubling Biblical account. They include:
- The needs of individual family members are highly expendable.
- Reality is very difficult to discern.
- The victim is made responsible for solving needs they didn't create and could never legitimately satisfy.
- The family's shiny exterior belies a dark inner reality.
- Vulnerable family members are not protected because no one really wants to know the truth.
- Abusers use force to get their sordid way.
- There is no straightforward healthy communication, and many of the verbal messages are contradictory and confusing.
- The victim's response is futile.
- Power is used to exploit.
- Abusive families are emotionally unstable.
- The victims are shamed, blamed, and demeaned.
- Members are isolated and lack intimacy.
- A strict code of silence is enacted.
- Abusive families deny and distort proper healthy emotions.
- The wrong ones are protected.
- Josh Duggar's outing as a serial adulterer, porn addict and child molester, while posing as a model for religious piety and purity.
- Bill Cosby's legacy of drugging and raping women for decades, while posing as a role model for family values and morality.
- Judicial decisions that favor the rights of the perpetrator over those of the victim.